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Wednesday, August 12, 2009

GENOCIDE BY ANY NAME IS STILL GENOCIDE AND ITS PERPETRATORS ARE TO BE HELD ACCOUNTABLE

WHO ME? A CRIMINAL? DID I DO SOMETHING WRONG?
Fictitious questions attributed to Omar al-Bashir

hate: intense hostility and aversion usually deriving from fear, anger, or sense of injury

On December 9, 1948, in the shadow of the Holocaust, the United Nations approved the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. This convention establishes "genocide” as an international crime, which signatory nations “undertake to prevent and punish.” It defines genocide as:

Genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
(a) Killing members of the group;
(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.

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In 1996 Gregory Stanton the president of Genocide Watch presented a briefing paper called "The 8 Stages of Genocide" at the United States Department of State. In it he suggested that genocide develops in eight stages that are "predictable but not inexorable".

The Stanton paper was presented at the State Department, shortly after the Rwanda genocide and much of the analysis is based on why that genocide occurred. The preventative measures suggested, given the original target audience, were those that the United States could implement directly or use their influence on other governments to have implemented.

Stage
Characteristics
Preventive measures

1.
Classification
People are divided into "us and them".
"The main preventive measure at this early stage is to develop universalistic institutions that transcend... divisions."

2.
Symbolization
"When combined with hatred, symbols may be forced upon unwilling members of pariah groups..."
"To combat symbolization, hate symbols can be legally forbidden as can hate speech".

3.
Dehumanization
"One group denies the humanity of the other group. Members of it are equated with animals, vermin, insects or diseases."
"Local and international leaders should condemn the use of hate speech and make it culturally unacceptable. Leaders who incite genocide should be banned from international travel and have their foreign finances frozen."

4.
Organization
"Genocide is always organized... Special army units or militias are often trained and armed..."
"The U.N. should impose arms embargoes on governments and citizens of countries involved in genocidal massacres, and create commissions to investigate violations"

5.
Polarization
"Hate groups broadcast polarizing propaganda..."
"Prevention may mean security protection for moderate leaders or assistance to human rights groups...Coups d’état by extremists should be opposed by international sanctions."

6.
Preparation
"Victims are identified and separated out because of their ethnic or religious identity..."
"At this stage, a Genocide Emergency must be declared. ..."

7.
Extermination
"It is "extermination" to the killers because they do not believe their victims to be fully human."
"At this stage, only rapid and overwhelming armed intervention can stop genocide. Real safe areas or refugee escape corridors should be established with heavily armed international protection."

8.
Denial
"The perpetrators... deny that they committed any crimes..."
"The response to denial is punishment by an international tribunal or national courts."

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It is genocide in Sudan.

What may look to US Special Envoy Gration as less active genocide, is a method of passive genocide - GENOCIDE BY STARVATION, DEHYDRATION AND DISEASES.

Genocide by any name is genocide.

Genocide by starvation, diseases and other "passive" means - has been done before. It was done on the North American continent to the indigenous people.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/weshallremain/

Now - alongside active means - it is being done to the Darfuris.



The words "Never Again" are meaningless without deliberate acts to prevent or stop genocide when we know it is going on.

And we know it is going on in Sudan.

Since 2003.

President Obama said when he selected Scott Gration as Special Envoy to Sudan, that he was the one for the job. Gration and Obama don't agree at this point that what is going on in Sudan is systematic scheming to exterminate the Darfuris. To succeed, they need to agree on the basics, such as what is going on by the Government of Sudan. This discrepancy is a recipe for a failed legacy for our new President. We just had a President who left office with a failed legacy on Darfur.

"Change will not come if we wait for some other person or some other time. We are the ones we've been waiting for. We are the change that we seek." Barack Obama

So, let's make a change regarding what can be done about the Darfuris, President Obama.

And let us start with replacing Scott Gration as the U.S. Special Envoy to Sudan.

Darfuri men in refugee camp Djabal said on Fathers Day, that there will be no peace without justice.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

We Are All the Keepers of Justice.

In Sudan, there is an emergency.

Silence kills in its complicity to killing by treachery.

Meningitis is spreading through Darfur IDP camps.
Now more than ever immunization is needed in all camps.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Write President Obama
http://www.whitehouse.gov/contact/

You can also call or write to the President:
The White House
1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20500

Comments to President Obama:
202-456-1111
or
1-800-GENOCIDE

The White House comment line is available
9:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. weekdays

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Call the USA Secretary of State Hillary Clinton
202-647-6575

The USA State Department public comment line
7 days a week, 24 hours a day
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Find USA elected politicians contact information at this link:
http://www.usa.gov/Contact/Elected.shtml


JUSTICE FIRST

PEACE WILL FOLLOW

AND ONLY THEN


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